Let's get more practical with the audio advice. One of the most important things when home recording is, after having chosen a suitable microphone for your project, the recording process of an audio source itself.
The quality of your recording results may vary dramatically when certain mistakes are being made.
So, here are the 10 basic rules for professional recording with microphones:
1. Point the microphone at the audio source and away from undesired audio sources.
2. Locate the microphone as close as possible to the desired audio source.
3. Use only one microphone per audio source.
4. When recording with multiple microphones, consider the minimum distance of each one.
5. In General use as few microphones as possible.
6. Avoid placing a microphone close to sound reflecting surfaces.
7. Use a wind shield when recording outside.
8. Avoid direct mechanical influences on the microphone (mechanical vibration).
9. Test a microphone by talking or knocking, never blow into the microphone.
10. Place the monitoring speakers in the area of the least directivity of the microphone.